Medications for type 1 diabetes


Insulin is the most common type of medication used in type 1 diabetes treatment. If you have type 1 diabetes, your body can’t make its own insulin. The goal of treatment is to replace the insulin that your body can’t make. Insulin is also used in type 2 diabetes treatment. It’s given by injection and comes in different types. The type of insulin you need depends on how severe your insulin depletion is.

Amylinomimetic drug

Pramlintide (SymlinPen 120, SymlinPen 60) is an amylinomimetic drug. It’s an injectable drug used before meals. It works by delaying the time your stomach takes to empty itself. It reduces glucagon secretion after meals. This lowers your blood sugar. It also reduces appetite through a central mechanism.

Rapid-acting insulins

insulin aspart (NovoLog, FlexPen, Fiasp) insulin glulisine (Apidra) insulin lispro (Humalog)

Long-acting insulins

insulin degludec (Tresiba) insulin detemir (Levemir) insulin glargine (Lantus) insulin glargine (Toujeo)

Short-acting insulin

regular insulin (Humulin and Novolin)

Intermediate-acting insulin

insulin isophane (Humulin N, Novolin N)

Combination insulins

NovoLog Mix 70/30 (insulin aspart protamine-insulin aspart) Humalog Mix 75/25 (insulin lispro protamine-insulin lispro) Humalog Mix 50/50 (insulin lispro protamine-insulin lispro) Humulin 70/30 (human insulin NPH-human insulin regular) Novolin 70/30 (human insulin NPH-human insulin regular) Ryzodeg (insulin degludec-insulin aspart)

Medications for type 2 diabetes